C1 and C2
On the top dial of the camera, there is a C1 and C2 dial. The dials should already be adjusted to pre-filming settings. C1 should be reflected of 24p and C2 should be reflected of 60p. See below for more information on the settings.
24p vs 60p
When we film, we always want to be aware of the frames that we shoot in. When filming interviews or people talking, you will want to shoot in AVCDH 24p. When filming b-roll footage, or creative clips that you may want to add the fast or slow motion effects to in post-production, please shoot in AVCHD 60p. Anytime you approach a film project, you need to be aware of this to make sure you can be efficient with your work and editing.
Autofocus vs Manual focus
The camera’s autofocus system is not the best, so you may need to play around with how you want your focus to be. If you plan to use autofocus, make sure your focus dial is on “AFC.” You will also have four autofocus options: face/eye/body/animal detect, tracking, 225-area, custom-multi, and 1 area. These five options are up for you to decide on which one you may want to use. Just be aware that since the camera’s autofocus is not the best that it may hunt for the subject throughout the shoot.
The camera’s manual focus is another alternative you may use. You will want to switch the focus dial to “MF” to enable manual focus. When in this mode, you will need to be aware of your focus at all times. The peaking system on the camera will allow you to know what is in focus and what isn’t. This is signaled by the subject/object highlighted in GREEN. To turn on/off peaking, press “Fn1” while it’s in “MF” mode. Manual focus is all about the distance between you and the subject so if you can master this method, you can possibly keep your subject/object in focus at all times.
Always ensure that your shutter speed is double your 24/60p. For example, if you’re shooting at 24, your shutter speed (located next to your F-stop) should be 50 and 125 at 60p. Never compensate for more light by adjusting the shutter speed; instead, adjust the ISO or the F-stop.